This post is going to look at how American racial/ethnic groups differ in political ideology. Below, you can see charts displaying the results of a wide variety of polls on many topics. But first, here is a summary of what they find:
Compared to Whites, Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics, favor larger government and a less free market with more regulations and higher taxes. Minorities also favor higher levels of spending on helping the poor, healthcare, education and welfare. By contrast, White Americans favor more spending on the military.
On social issues, Whites are sometimes more liberal than non-Whites. For instance, Whites report stronger support for free speech and gay marriage. Polling is somewhat mixed on abortion, but most of the it suggests that Whites are more pro choice than non-Whites. There aren’t many polls on drug policy, and what does exist displays mixed results. Unsurprisingly, non-Whites take more liberal views than White on race relations and immigration.
On “science” issues, there is an interesting divergence. Whites are more likely than non Whites to believe in evolution but less likely to believe in man made climate change.
In terms of foreign policy, Whites favor more military spending than non Whites, they were more likely to support the Iraq war than non-Whites, and Whites are more likely than Blacks to list “terrorism” as a top political concern.
When asked to list the most important political problems of the day, Whites are more likely than Blacks to say dissatisfaction with government, immigration, and the federal budget, while Blacks are substantially more likely to say unemployment, race relations, poverty, and crime.
The Size of Government
According to pew polling:
- 65% of Whites, 39% of Blacks, and 49% of Hispanics agree that “When something is run by the government, it is usually inefficient and wasteful”
- 60% of Whites, 51% of blacks, and 49% of Hispanics (plurality), agree with the statment “Government regulation of business usually does more harm than good”.
- 80% of Blacks, 71% of Hispanics, and 58% of Whites agree with the statement “A free market economy needs government regulation in order to best serve the public interest”
36% of Whites, 60% of Blacks, and 66% of Hispanics agree with the statement “The government should help more needy people even if it means going deeper in debt”.
Asian Americans are just as likely as the US in general to support raising taxes on high earners in order to reduce the budget. (65%) They are less likely than average to support reducing the budget with spending cuts only (35% vs 41%)
“2-to-1: 60% say it (abortion) should be illegal in all or most cases, while just 35% say it should be legal. By contrast, 51% of U.S.-born Latinos think abortion should be legal, while 43% think it should be illegal.” – Pew 2014
“Two-thirds (67%) of black Americans believe that abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while 30% disagree.” – Pew 2012
War in Iraq
Importance of Different Issues